Hi & welcome to another AAA Sound Design Top Tip

Lets look at how to fit the Bass Guitar into your mix. I will stress now that it is important to EQ the Kick Drum with the Bass guitar so they work together in the mix. Always check your Bass against the Kick when you make any changes

Top Tip 1 : Remove the low end – What? Remove the low end on a Bass Guitar?? Ok, don’t remove the low end but I tend to put a HIgh Pass Filter on frequencies below 40Hz. I use a spectrum analyser to make sure I am not getting rid of any of the bass tone but if you’re not using one you’ll have to trust your ears

Top Tip 2 : Add a Low pass Filter arund the 6-700Hz frequency range. I rarely find anything of much use above this range You want the bass controlling the bottom end of your track not messing with the highs

Top Tip 3 : Make room for the Kick. Thats why I say EQ the Kick and Bass together checking one against the other. I like to have my Kick pushing the Bass so I tend to cut frequencies on my bass’ low end where the kick lives so it can slot in. I usually find this around the 60-70Hz range

Top Tip 4 : Between 100-500Hz is where the body of the bass lives. As with other instruments I would use a Bell Curve EQ and sweep around this area with a 6dB gain and a fairly low bandwidth. When I find the body of the bass I will widen out the bandwidth and bring the dB down

Top Tip 5 : If you really want the plucking sound of the Bass this can be found around the 1.5KHz range but obviously then you’d need to pen up your Low Pass filter ich may result in a conflict with the guitars in the mix. This is a mixing decision you will need to make

I find the bass one of the most tricky instruments to EQ. Although there are fewer parameters to concentrate on in some respects Eqing a Bass incorrectly can really “muddy” the mix. You want the Kick and Bass to drive the track but you don’t want to fill the low end with rumble by boosting all the low frequencies. Spend time Eqing the Kick and Bass and your mix will benefit greatly

I hope you have found this tutorial Useful? Please feel free to comment on the tutorial below and check back for more useful tutorials

Regards

Neil

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